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Miralles Moya, Enric

A well-known Spanish architect born in Barcelona in 1955, at 15 years of age Enric Miralles had to choose between professional basketball and Architectural School. He studied architecture in the Architectural School of the Polytechnic University of Cataluña, later enrolling in the Columbia University in New York. He began his professional life in Albert Vilaplana and Helio Piñón’s studio, where he remained until 1983. At the same time he worked as a support teacher in the two universities in which he had studied. From that point on, his career passed through three phases. In the first, from 1983 to 1990, he worked alongside his first wife, Carme Pinós. In the second, he worked alone from 1990 to 1994, and in the final phase he reorganised his studio which became known as EMBT, to work with the Italian Benedetta Tagliabue, his second wife in 1995 to 2000. He died in San Feliu de Colines, Barcelona in 2000. In his short life, Enric Miralles received numerous awards, such as the Golden Lion of the Venice Biennale in 1996. He also received the Barcelona City award in 1992, the Madrid City award in 1993, and the National Award of Architecture in 1995. He was a guest professor in numerous architectural and design schools, among which were Harvard, the “Kenzo Tange” professorship, from Harvard University, a position which he occupied from 1992. Among his most well-known works are the Sports Palace in Huesca, the lecture room building at the University of Valencia, the extension of the Royal Museum in Copenhagen, the Contemporary Art Museum in Zaragoza, the Igualada Cemetery, the Helsinki Modern Art Museum, the refurbishment of the Santa Caterina Market in Barcelona, the Sports Palace in Leipzig, the National Library of Japan in Tokyo, the Edinburgh Parliament, the Maretas Museum in Lanzarote, the Natural Gas building in Barcelona, to name but a few. The culmination of these works led him to be considered the highest-flying Spanish architect of his time on an international level. At just 45 years of age, he achieved what can only be dreamt of by most: he constructed his own language in which the landscape dictated the form of his buildings. He has gone down as a boundless and thrilling architect; he put his whole being into his work; he knew his field from the inside and projected it to the outside world. His expressive potential was overwhelming, his imagination knew no limits. This architect is difficult to categorise, as he brought together both knowledge and creativity. Aside from his architectural side, he enjoyed designing, with decorative elements, furniture, and even sculptural elements, such as in the work on the Citadel in Pamplona.

JMMS

Sources:

MASSAD, F. y GUERRERO YESTE, A., «Enric Miralles. A inconclusa arquitetura do sentimento». Arquitextos n. 048.01. São Paulo, Portal Vitruvius, Mayo 2004. TEIXEIRA, C.M., «Enric Miralles, 1955-2000». Arquitextos, Texto Especial n. 002. São Paulo, Portal Vitruvius, Julio 2000.